Barley Barley Crop Icon Brassicas Brassicas Crop Icon Sugar Beet Sugar Beet Carrots Carrots Icon Leeks Leek Icon Maize Maize Icon Oilseed Oilseed Icon Onions Onions Icon Other Cereals Other Cereals Icon O R T Peas And Beans Peas and beans Icon Potatoes Potatoes Icon Salad Crops Salad Crops Icon Soft Fruits Crops Soft Fruits Icon Top Fruits Crops Top Fruits Icon Wheat Crops Wheat Icon Calendar Calendar icon Arrow Next Arrow Previous Close Checkmark

Contans WG

Contans WG biological fungicide (active substance: Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08 – C. minitans) breaks the cycle of Sclerotinia diseases that can significantly reduce yields in horticultural and arable crops alike. Based on a naturally-occurring fungus, it neutralises and eliminates the disease source, limiting the potential for infection. Contans WG is approved for use on all edible and non-edible crops.

Go to document store

What is Contans WG?

Contans WG is a water dispersible granule for the control of sclerotia of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and Sclerotinia minor when used as a soil treatment prior to planting any edible and non-edible crop.

Product Profile

Active substance 1 x 1012 CFU/kg Coniothyrium minitans, strain CON/M/91-08.
Formulation Water dispersible granule (WG)
Pack Size 4 kg
Water Volume
200-1000 Litres
Buffer Zone None
MAPP 17985

Important Information

Crops/Situations All edible and non-edible crops
Max. individual dose 4 kg product/ha (for incorporation up to a 10 cm soil depth) or
8 kg product/ha (for incorporation up to a 20 cm soil depth)
Max. number of treatments
One per crop
Latest time of application Pre-planting of the crop
Other specific restrictions
Contains Coniothyrium minitans, strain CON/M/91-08. Micro-organisms may have the potential to provoke sensitising reactions. Non-returnable containers must not be re-used for any purpose.
Next

Why you need Contans WG

Sclerotinia. Now there’s a way to break the cycle.

Sclerotinia disease can be devastating. It’s estimated to reduce crop yields significantly in the UK and can result in total crop losses.

Now you can help ensure the health, quality and yields of your crops with an effective biological control to integrate with conventional foliar treatments: Contans.

Whereas conventional foliar treatments target Sclerotinia disease in-season, Contans decreases Sclerotinia loading right from the start. Based on a naturally occurring fungus, it neutralises and eliminates the source of the disease, limiting the potential for infection and spread in your crops.

Contans is a rotational tool to reduce disease loading as part of IPM programmes. It enhances pest and residue management, is approved for all edible and non-edible crops and can be used on its own or to complement chemical-based treatments to improve long-term Sclerotinia management.

Why Sclerotinia builds up in the soil

Sclerotinia is very difficult to control using traditional foliar treatments alone due to the inoculum being replenished from one season to the next where sensitive crops are grown. Sclerotia (resting bodies) of Sclerotinia can survive for up to 10 years in the soil.

Sclerotia germinate and develop apothecia if within the top 3-5 cm, so annual cultivations continue to bring problems to the surface even when sensitive crops have not been grown in the rotation for several years. The wide range of crops that Sclerotinia spp. can affect is listed below.

Field crops
Vegetables
Herbs

Alfalfa/Lucerne
Clover
Field bean
Lupin
Mustard
Oilseed Rape
Pea (Combined)
Potato Sunflower











Artichoke
Asparagus
Bean (dwarf French, broad,runner)
Broccoli
Cabbage
Carrot
Celery
Chicory
Cucumber
Cucurbits (courgette, squash, pumpkin)
Endive
Fennel
Lettuce
Onion
Pea (vining, fresh)
Radish
Sweet pepper
Tomato
Turnip
Chive
Coriander
Dill
Fennel
Parsley














Next

How Contans WG works

The performance you need to ensure yields

Contans WG effectively cleanses your soil and improves its health by reducing the source of Sclerotinia disease.

The active ingredient – spores of the naturally occurring fungus Coniothyrium minitans – attacks and destroys the sclerotia and mycelium of Sclerotinia spp. before it can infect the crop. Total destruction generally takes 6 to 12 weeks but sclerotial viability is typically inhibited much sooner, depending on factors such as soil temperature and moisture. Coniothyrium minitans also produces the anti-fungal metabolite macrosphelide A whose action inhibits mycelium extension.

Rotational application gives lasting control

In situations of heavy infestation a one-time application of Contans or conventional chemical foliar treatments is unlikely to give adequate control. Best results can only be achieved with multi-year or multi-crop rotational treatments as illustrated below.

undefined

With every application of Contans on average 80 to 95% of sclerotia in the soil layer of the application area can be destroyed. Sclerotinia loading is thereby strongly reduced from one application to the next. However, in situations with heavy infestation a considerable number of uncontrolled sclerotia may remain viable. An integrated programme with foliar products can offer sustainable control and improve the effectiveness of long-term Sclerotinia disease management programmes.

undefined

undefined

This graph shows the infestation level of S. sclerotiorum assessed in lettuce after the last foliar application.
Contans applied as a solo application before planting at 4 kg/ha showed similar incidence and severity (<5%) compared to either foliar treatment applied 6 times.

undefined

This graph shows % incidence of Sclerotinia infection in carrots harvested and stored, 36 days after application. Contans (applied as a single application before planting) or 5 foliar sprays with the chemical standard reduced the incidence of infection to ~10%. However, an integrated programme of Contans and Nativo 75WG showed the best disease reduction.
In this example Contans kills the Sclerotinia in the soil, whereas the chemical fungicide prevents disease attack on leaves. The best Sclerotinia control is achieved by integrating biological control in the soil with chemical control on foliage.

 

Next

When and how to apply

Contans WG can be used in the soil for all crops susceptible to Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and Sclerotinia minor infection.

Contans has shown effective control in the following susceptible crops: oilseed rape, beans, lettuce, cucumbers and sunflowers. Other crops also known to be susceptible to Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and Sclerotinia minor infection include, but are not limited to: asparagus, cabbage, carrots, celery, chickpeas, lentils, peas, peppers, potatoes, tomatoes, and watermelon.

There are no rotational crop restrictions following the use of
Contans.

For optimum efficacy the soil should be moist and the temperature should be between 12-20 °C.
If the soil temperature falls below 0°C or rises above 27°C,
C. minitans suspends its activity and rests in the soil, but the fungus will not die. Once the temperature returns to between 1 and 27°C 
C. minitans will continue to attack the sclerotia.



Application Directions

Contans is applied by spraying the soil surface or crop
debris following harvest of the previous crop and then incorporating the sprayed soil and/or debris into the upper soil layer. Thorough spray coverage is needed to provide a uniform deposit of Contans on the soil. Contans may be applied in conventional spray equipment. Maintain agitation continuously while spraying.
For tractor-mounted sprayers, use of a spray boom equipped with fan nozzles provides enhanced coverage.

The entire soil surface should be treated as sclerotia germinating in untreated soil will produce spores which can infect the crop. In glass-houses, untreated areas such as margins can be covered by a film to minimise spread of spores.

Pre-plant Application

Apply Contans at a rate of 2 to 8 kg per hectare (see table below), three months prior to the onset of disease development,
to allow for the active ingredient to reduce the inoculum load of sclerotia in the soil. For example, apply Contans in the autumn for a spring planting.

Once the product has been applied onto the soil, the treated soil surface must immediately be incorporated using a rotavator or rotary harrow. Contans should be incorporated
as thoroughly and uniformly as possible, to a depth of 10 to 20 cm. Treated soils should not be ploughed, either to incorporate Contans or prior to planting the crop following a Contans application. 


undefined

Any cultivations or planting operations must not disturb the soil below the depth to which Contans WG was incorporated, to avoid bringing up sclerotia from untreated soil lower in the profile.

Contans should be applied at least three months prior to an anticipated Sclerotinia outbreak. This means on crops that are infested directly by mycelium, the application should take place at least 3 months prior to planting e.g. lettuce, endive, parsley, chicory.

On crops where infection occurs from ascospores, such as cucumber, beans, oilseed rape etc., the soil can be treated just before planting, provided that the earliest occurrence of infection is likely to be 3 months or more after planting or sowing of the crop. This allows the active ingredient to destroy the sclerotia in the soil, before they are able to produce fruiting bodies (apothecia), which ultimately eject ascospores.


Rate of application

The rate of application depends on the depth of incorporation.

Depth of incorporation
0-10 cm
0-20 c
Greenhouses 4 kg per ha 8 kg per ha
Open field 2-4 kg per ha 4-8 kg per ha

 Post-harvest Application

Apply Contans at a rate of 2 kg per hectare to harvested crop debris. Once the product has been applied, the treated debris must immediately be incorporated into the upper soil layer to a depth of 10 cm. A post harvest treatment of the soil and harvest debris with Contans prevents a new contamination of the soil with sclerotia produced by the previous crop infection and reduces the contamination of the soil step by step.

undefined

Next

ALWAYS READ THE LABEL BEFORE USE.

Talk to us

Contact one of our technical team for more information or advice on Contans WG

Your local technical team
;