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Emerger

A pre-emergence herbicide for the control of annual broad-leaved weeds in potatoes, with EAMUs enabling pre- and post-emergence use in numerous vegetable crops.

Experts discuss Emerger in vegetable crops

 

For further guidance on using Emerger pre-emergence watch Howard Hinds, Root Crop Agronomy, Ian Holmes, Strawsons and Angela Huckle, ADAS discuss their experiences of using the product here

 

Challenging weeds to emerger in vegetable crops

Emerger use in barley & cover crops

Emerger with irrigation

Recommended Tank-mixes with emerger

Go to document store

What is Emerger?

A pre-emergence herbicide for the control of annual broad-leaved weeds in potatoes.

Product Profile

Active substance 600 g/L aclonifen
Formulation Suspension Concentrate (SC)
Pack Size 10 Litres
Water Volume
200-400 L/ha
Buffer Zone DRT – see below
MAPP 19056

Important Information

Crop Potato
Max. individual dose 1.75 L product/ha
Maximum number of treatments 1 per crop
Latest time of application
Before crop emergence
Aquatic buffer zone distance 6 metres
Other specific restrictions This product must not be applied via hand-held equipment

*Emerger also has several EAMUs (see When and How to Apply).

Aquatic buffer zone

To protect aquatic organisms, respect an unsprayed buffer zone to surface water bodies as specified for the crop.

Horizontal boom sprayers must be fitted with three-star drift reduction technology. Low drift spraying equipment must be operated according to the specific conditions stated in the official three-star rating for that equipment as published on HSE Chemicals Regulation Division’s website. Maintain three-star operating conditions until 30 m from the top of the bank of any surface water bodies.

Do not allow direct spray from horizontal boom sprayers to fall within the distance specified for the crop to the top of the bank of a static or flowing water body, or within 1 m of the top of a ditch which is dry at the time of application. Aim spray away from water.

Buffer zones of more than 5 m cannot be reduced under the Local Environment Risk Assessment for Pesticides (LERAP) scheme.

 

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Why you need Emerger

  • Emerger is a bleacher with a novel mode of action
  • Consistent performer for pre-emergence weed control
  • Effective against a wide range of annual weeds
  • Activity against grass and broad-leaved weeds
  • Effective across mineral and organic soils

In trials it has shown high levels of activity against nettles, polygonum species, brassica weeds (charlock, runch, volunteer OSR and shepherd’s purse), Chenopodium weeds (fat-hen and orache) and made a good contribution to control on grass weeds

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When and how to apply

Weeds controlled

Emerger is absorbed primarily through the shoot of emerging seedlings as they grow through the layer of herbicide applied pre-emergence to the soil surface. Susceptible weeds can emerge, but these will become chlorotic, their growth will be retarded leading ultimately to death.

After pre-emergence application do not disrupt the herbicide layer. Any form of mechanical cultivation or disruption of the soil surface by any other method will reduce the level of weed control provided.

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Broad-leaved Weeds

A pre-emergence application of Emerger at 1.75 L/ha has provided a high level (>85%) control of the following broad-leaved weeds:

Amaranthus Annual Mercury*
Chickweed Common Field-speedwell
False Mayweed Fat-hen
Field Penny-cress Pale Persicaria
Reed Dead-nettle Scentless Mayweed
Shepherd's Purse Volunteer Oilssed Rape*
Wild Pansy  

A pre-emergence application of Emerger at 1.75 L/ha has provided good (85% > 70%) control of the following broad-leaved weeds:

Black Bindweed Cleavers
Common Hemp Nettle* Field Hemp Nettle
Field Pansy Redshank*
Small-flower Cranesbill*  

A pre-emergence application of Emerger at 1.75 L/ha has provided average (70% > 55%) of the following broad-leaved weeds:

Datura* Fumitory
Knotgrass* Runch*
Scented Mayweed*  

* Indicates the data contained for this weed is from a dose rate of 1.5 L/ha Emerger, due to reduced data being available at 1.75 L/ha. Increased control may be seen at 1.75 L/ha

Established broad-leaved weeds growing from rootstocks will not be controlled by Emerger. As for other residual herbicides application to a fine, firm seedbed will optimise efficacy. Efficacy will be reduced where application is made to cloddy seedbeds or where there is disruption of the soil surface after application.

2 kg/ha Artist + 1.75 L/ha Emerger is a very robust tank mix that will provide all round control of potato weeds. Emerger bolsters the broad-spectrum weed control of Artist and provides additional activity against high polygonum pressure.

Grass Weeds

A pre-emergence application of Emerger at 1.75 L/ha has provided good (85% > 70%) control of the following grass weeds:

Annual meadow-grass Baynard grass
Loose Silky-bent  

Post-emergence control (average %)

Weed Species 0.33 L/ha 0.66 L/ha
Amaranthus sp. 76 82
Chenopodium sp. 90 100
Sowthistles   100
Small Nettle 38 50
Hedge Mustard 40 53

Average control taken from 2/3 trials, post-emergence application only

Varieties

Emerger may be used on all commercial varieties of potatoes

Application

Ridges should be well rounded with few clods. Cultivations should produce a soil tilth that requires no further improvement after planting. Cultivation after spraying will encourage weed germination and reduce the residual activity of Emerger.

Ensure Emerger is applied evenly and uniformly to both sides of the potato ridges. Care must be taken to ensure that application takes place no sooner than 7 days prior to crop emergence.

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On mineral soils with a high organic matter content and on peaty or organic soils the residual activity of Emerger may be reduced.

  • Shake the container well before use.
  • Half fill the spray tank with clean water, begin agitation and add the required amount of Emerger.
  • Wash out the container and add the washings to the spray solution, before topping up with clean water.
  • Continue agitation until spraying is completed.
  • Do not leave the sprayer filled with the spray solution standing for long periods.
  • Wash out the sprayer thoroughly after use using a wetting agent or proprietary tank cleaner.
  • Use a minimum water rate of 200L/ha
  • For tank mixes follow advice on the Emerger tank mix sheet.

Following crops and crop failure

After a potato crop treated with Emerger, oilseed rape, field pea, dwarf French bean, wheat, barley, oat, winter triticale, winter rye, sugar beet, maize, and sunflower can be established in the normal rotation or in the event of failure of the treated crop, provided that cultivation (using cultivator, disc harrow or similar) and thorough mixing of treated soil has been conducted to a depth of at least 10 cm.

Radish and phacelia require a period of at least 120 days after application, or plough to a depth of at least 20 cm before drilling.

 

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Resistance Management

When herbicides with the same mode of action are used repeatedly over several years in the same field, selection of resistant biotypes can take place. These can propagate and may become dominating. A weed species is considered to be resistant to a herbicide if it survives a correctly-applied treatment at the recommended dose. A strategy for preventing and managing such resistance should be adopted. This should include integrating herbicides with a programme of cultural control measures.

The latest guidance is available from the Weed Resistance Action Group (WRAG).

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EAMU

Users are required to be in possession of the relevant Extension of Use details. Electronic copies of Extensions of Minor Use can be obtained from the Chemicals Regulation Division (CRD) website Extension of Authorisation for Minor Use Database.

Persons using the product to which an extension of authorisation applies should acquaint themselves with and observe all requirements contained within the Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009, including the duty on the holder of any extension of authorisation to notify information on potentially dangerous effects, a contravention of which is a criminal offence under those regulations.

Neither the efficacy nor the phytotoxicity of the product for which this extension of authorisation has been granted has been assessed and, as such, the user bears the risk in respect of failures concerning its efficacy and phytotoxicity.

EAMUs – Vegetable and herb crops

Emerger has EAMUs for a wide range of vegetable and herb crops.

Crop/situations Maximum individual dose Maximum total dose Maximum number of treatments Latest time of application EAMU number
Leek and salad onion 0.65 L/ha 0.65 L/ha - 28 days before harvest  1100 of 2020
Celery 0.65 L/ha 0.65 L/ha - 60 days before harvest 1100 of 2020
Carrot, parsnip and root parsley

1.75 L/ha - 1 Prior to crop emergence 1101 of 2020

0.65 L/ha 0.65 L/ha - 2 true leaves
Garlic, onion and shallot

1.75 L/ha - 1 Prior to crop emergence 1102 of 2020

0.65L/ha 0.65 L/ha - 2 true leaves
Angelica, caraway, celery leaves, coriander, leaves, dill, fennel leaves, lovage leaves, parsley, salad burnet, sweet cicely 0.75 L/ha - 1 Prior to crop emergence 4485 of 2019
Sunflower 1.75 L/ha - 1 Prior to crop emergence 1615 of 2019

In all crops/situations a 6m aquatic buffer zone must be observed (see What is Emerger)

The use of Emerger on crops grown from seeds requires extreme caution as damage may occur if cool and wet conditions occur after application.

Emerger needs to be applied uniformly to an even, friable seedbed to form a consistent film. Uptake is by shoots not roots; it enters weeds through the cotyledons or the coleoptile of seedlings. It does not stop weeds germinating but affects sprouting weeds. Its performance is influenced by the seed's internal resources, speed of growth and volume of active substance absorbed.

Typical symptoms of Emerger are chlorosis and necrosis on the tissues of young, emerging sprouts and shoots. Later, weeds stop growing and perish. As Emerger is not taken up by plants’ roots, it is not dependent on soil moisture and temperature at the time of use. It remains active for 2-3 months.

After application do not disrupt the herbicide layer. Any form of mechanical cultivation or disruption of the soil surface will reduce the level of weed control. Follow normal drilling / planting practices and ensure the seed is well covered.

EAMU – Onions

Key learnings:

Drilled onions

The use of Emerger on drilled onions, even at low application rates requires extreme caution:

  • Especially cool, wet conditions after drilling – long period of exposure due to slow emergence can cause large crop losses  
  • Pre-emergence applications can visibly slow and thin the crop

Onion Sets

Pre-emergence use of Emerger on sets is likely to be safer than on drilled onions though limited experience suggests the application should be limited to 1 L/ha.

A tank-mix containing the following active substances has performed well in trials:

  • dimethenamid-p + pendimethalin
  • pendimethalin

EAMU – Carrots

Prior to the loss of linuron, the standard pre-emergence mix for carrots was pendimethalin + clomazone + linuron. In trials, similar weed control has been seen where Emerger replaced for linuron.

In addition to its broad spectrum of control, carrot, parsnip and onion growers will benefit from its contribution to control of annual meadow-grass, knotgrass, charlock and cleavers and its useful activity on groundsel.

Key learnings:

  • Irrigation around emergence or early afterwards can cause crop losses – though mostly only when in a mix with other herbicides
  • Greater potential for crop effect when tank-mixing with pendimethalin and clomazone +/- diflufenican (DFF).  Trials indicate that much of the risk at emergence is associated with the inclusion of DFF. This resulted in some crop thinning, especially when using high doses of Emerger, clomazone and 50g DFF).
  • Bayer’s suggested use of Emerger would be a pre-emergence application of 1 L/ha with either a single post-emergence application of 0.6 L/ha at two true leaves or two sprays of 0.3 L/ha at the one true leaf stage and again at two true leaves.
  • Apply Emerger pre-emergence of the crop, as soon after drilling as possible.
  • A list of physical tank-mix partners can be found in the Bayer document store here

 

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Emerger contains aclonifen, Stomp Aqua contains pendimethalin, Gamit contains clomazone. All other brands listed may be trademarks of Bayer or of other manufacturers and proprietary rights may exist.

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ALWAYS READ THE LABEL BEFORE USE.

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