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Rust - Beet

Initial infection, more advanced disease pressure (Photo R Bradbury) & Severe disease pressure (Photo E. Hagues)

Pathogen

Fungus

Hosts

Sugar Beet

Symptoms

Appears on both sides of the leaves as small (1 – 2 mm diameter) raised pustules that are re-orange or brown in colour. When disease pressure is severe, spores will brush off onto animals, machinery and clothing of people passing through the crop.

Development

In the UK rust usually develops in late August and Early September but can continue to spread into early autumn. It produces spores at the end of summer which overwinter on dead leaf tissue, crowns or wild beet.

Favourable Factors

Disease spreads during periods of moist weather when temperatures are between 15 and 20C and is most intense when dew persists for long periods. Development of the disease is halted by warm, dry weather leaving yellow sunken spots on the leaves. Frosts can cause greater plant damage when foliage is covered in rust.

Importance

Yield reductions are lower than for powdery mildew, usually in the region of 2 – 5 %. However severe disease pressure in mid to late August have been shown to reduce yields by 10 % or more.

Control

Identification and Management of sugar beet diseases

Find out more information on the key disease threats to your sugar beet crop. For each disease you will find out the importance of the disease in terms of potential yield penalty, how to identify the disease in its early stages and our advice on the best control strategies.

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