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Black Dot

Colletotrichum coccodes

Pathogen

Fungus

Hosts

Potatoes, tomatoes and other solanaceous weed species.

Symptoms

Appears as grey lesions on the tuber surface and can be mistaken for silver scurf but the two diseases can be distinguished by the presence of microsclerotia (black dots) within the lesions. These are visible to the naked eye but can be seen more clearly when viewed with a hand lens. The disease can be found on stolons, roots and tubers. Invasion of the vascular tissue in the roots can lead to plant wilting.

Development

The most common source of infection is by sclerotia attached to the seed tuber. Once introduced into a field the sclerotia can survive for up to 7 years. These sclerotia release spores in the spring which move into the underground parts of host plants. The disease can continue to develop in storage especially with warmer temperatures.

Favourable Factors

Warm, wet growing conditions with poor drainage.

Importance

Black dot is a very commonly occurring disease in the UK which adversely affects skin quality and marketability in the washed pre-packing sector.

Control

Identification and Management of potato diseases

Find out more information on the key disease threats to your potato crop. For each disease you will find out the importance of the disease in terms of potential yield penalty, how to identify the disease in its early stages and our advice on the best control strategies.

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