Downy Mildew

Although early sown, vigorous crops can grow through downy mildew infection it can have more serious effects on later sown or backward crops, particularly in wet conditions. Severe attacks can result in seedling loss and sub-optimal establishment. This disease is a threat to OSR crops from emergence up to the three true leaf stage.

What is Downy Mildew?

Infection can be introduced by either airborne spores from volunteers and nearby brassicas or oospores produced by previous crops which are able to survive in the soil without a host.  Infection is favoured by temperatures between 10 and 15°C and humidity from rain or dew.  The spores germinate by producing germ-tubes that penetrate cell walls, often on the lower side of the leaves, and then the leaf tissue becomes colonised.

Downy Mildew symptoms on early OSR leavesDowny Mildew symptoms on early OSR leaves

How to spot Downy Mildew

In infected plants the upper surfaces of affected leaves have ill defined, irregular, yellowed areas while the lower surfaces will have lesions which are covered in white to grey sporulating fungal growth.

Both cotyledons and the first true leaves can be killed by downy mildew if the lesions coalesce to affect most of their surface.

Downy mildew can occur on leaves throughout the year and often spreads through the canopy during stem extension and flowering.  It can also infect pods which will be covered in yellow or fawny brown lesions.  In humid conditions these are covered in white to grey sporulating growth.  If the infection is severe enough the whole pod will bronze and ripen prematurely.

How to control Downy Mildew

Early sown crops are able to grow through the vulnerable stages quickly and so are at less risk.  For later drilled crops, some fungicidal seed treatments can improve downy mildew control.  Foliar sprays are useful only as protectants and are often not required.